Primary teeth are extremely important. They should be taken care off and everything should be done so they do not develop cavities. However, with permanent teeth showing up, little patients are getting one more big responsibility to keep them healthy, because permanent teeth don’t have replacements. If you ever looked at your teeth, you probably noticed small holes and lines on the chewing surfaces of the teeth. Those are called fissures. Those places exactely are the places where caries development is most usual, since food is easily retained in them and therefore bacteria multiply. When we use the term – fissure sealing, we mean the procedure by which those holes (fissures) are filled with sealants, dental material that prevent the development of teeth cavity.
When is it necessary?
It’s necessary to bring the child for a check-up just before first permanent teeth – so called six year molars come out. The dentist first needs to determine if the coming out of the tooth is done and if the tooth is healthy. If all the conditions are fullfilled, we can say that that tooth is a perfect candidate for fissure sealing. To provide the best possible care for your children’s permanent teeth and to protect them in time, contact our dentists today.
How is it done?
If the child is cooperative, it is a procedure that is very short and it lasts less than ten minutes. Also, it is very important to say that it’s completely painless.
- The surface of the tooth needs to be clean, otherwise the sealant will not bond to it properly. The dentist will place a small brush in their dental drill and use abrazive tooth paste to do so. Etching the tooth surface with orthophosphoric acid, so the outher part of the enamel is ready for the sealant.
- A thin layer of sealant is apllied and cured by a light.
The effect of fissure are multiple. It’s not only a physical barrier in between the tooth and bacteria, but the sealant over time releases fluoride as well, which is an important factor in preventing cavities.
Can a sealed tooth go bad?
It’s important to understand that fissure sealing do not replace teeth brushing and maintaining regular oral hygiene. To bring the child to regular preventive check-ups in order to notice possible changes in the teeth in time is also crucial.